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Senses Glossary

A

auditory nerve
the nerve that takes sound from the ear to the brain

B

Braille
a system of writing for use by the blind

C

cartilage
a flexible tissue of the body such as the nose or ear is made of
cochlea
a spiral shaped part of the inner ear
concentration
a large collection or close
cones
the part of the retina which sees color

E

eyeball
the organ of the body which sees

I

inner ear
the part of the ear where sound vibrations are sent to the brain

L

lens
the portion of the eye that bends light to focus images on the retina

M

membrane
a body tissue
molecules
a small particle of material
mucous membranes
a body tissue that lines air passages and is in contact with air

N

nerve endings
the part of the nerve that has the sensory receptors

O

olfactory
organs of the nose that perceive smell
optic nerve
the nerve that takes messages from the eye to the brain
organs
a part of a living organism that has a specific job
outer ear
the part of the ear that captures sound and sends it to the inner ear

P

papillae
small bumps on the tongue that sense taste
perceive
identify, recognize
peripheral
side vision – around the edges or side

R

receptors
special cells that respond to input of the senses
retina
the back portion of the eye on which images are sensed
rods
the part of the eye which senses dark and light

S

sensitivity
the ability to react to senses

T

temperature
a measure of warmth or coldness
translates
to put in understandable terms
tympanic membrane
also called the eardrum

V

vibrations
the rhythmic movement of a material

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