Facts!
Links!
For Teachers
Resources
Glossary
Watch the show
Email us!
home
Brain Glossary

B

brain stem
the part of the brain that performs basic life functions like breathing and heart beat

C

central nervous system
the brain and spinal cord working together
cerebellum
the little brain just under the cerebrum which deals with posture and movement
cerebral cortex
the densely wrinkled part of the brain also known as the cerebrum
cerebrum
the largest portion of the brain dealing with higher brain function
corpus callosum
a structure that connects and communicates between the right and left hemisphere of the brain

H

hemispheres
each half of the brain is known as a hemisphere
homunculus
a representation of the parts of the brain and the percentage of nerves controlling those portions

N

neurons
cells of the nervous system that conduct electrical impulses
neuroscientist
a doctor or scientist that studies the brain

P

peripheral nervous system
the nerves of the portions of the body on the outer edges

R

reflexes
the actions that our body does without our thinking about it - blinking, sneezing, coughing

S

sensory neurons
cells that conduct impulses related to our senses of hearing, tasting, sight, etc.
skull
also called the cranium - the bones of the head
spinal cord
the collection of nerves that run through our spine and connects all parts of the body to the brain
synapse
the connection between two neurons where impulses are passed

Press Room | Video | Employment | About | Privacy | Contact | Report Closed Caption Issue

IdahoPTV home D4K Dialogue for Kids home