Space

September 21, 2004

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  The glossary from Amazing Space, which uses the Hubble Space Telescope's discoveries to inspire and educate about the wonders of our universe, is very thorough. http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/glossary/
  The D4K Astronomy Glossary contains even more words for you to read about. http://idahoptv.org/dialogue4kids/season3/astronomy/glossary.html
  ATMOSPHERE - The layer of gases surrounding the earth that has gravity strong enough to prevent the gases from escaping into space.
  ASTRONAUT - A person who travels in space aboard a United States craft. The word, 'astronaut' comes from the Greek words meaning "space sailor."
  COMMANDER - often the pilot. Commanders are responsible for the vehicle, the crew, mission success, and safety.
  COSMONAUT - The Russian term for an astronaut
  GALILEO GALILEI (1564-1642) - Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. First to use a telescope to observe the skies
  MISSION SPECIALIST - astronauts in charge of on-board operations. They release satellites into space, operate scientific or engineering experiments, repair satellites and operate equipment in the Shuttle's payload bay.
  NASA - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is in charge of all space programs for the United States.
  NAVIGATION - Directing the course of a ship or other craft
  ORBIT - The path of an object as it travels around another
  PAYLOAD - In space flight, the passengers, crew, instruments, or equipment carried by a spacecraft
  PAYLOAD SPECIALIST - professionals from life sciences or physical sciences fields. They can also be skilled technicians who are trained to operate special equipment on the mission.
  PILOT - controls and operates the shuttle
  SATELLITE - A small object revolving around a larger object. Satellites can be natural, such as moons, or they can be artificial objects sent into orbit around the earth, such as communication, weather and navigation satellites.
  TELESCOPE - An instrument that can make faraway things appear closer. There are optical, reflecting, refracting, radio, and telescopes in space.
 
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