Fossils

November 16, 2004
 
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Skeleton of a LimbFOSSIL REFERENCES

Alfred, Ida Thompson. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Fossils (Audubon Society Field Guide). A. Knopf; 1982. ISBN: 0394524128.

This, the first all-photographic field guide to cover fossils found throughout North America north of Mexico, includes nearly 500 full-color photographs identifying corals, trilobites, shells, teeth, bones, as well as fossil-bearing rocks and outcrop formations. The descriptive text includes information on size, geological period, geographical distribution, and ecology of the animal or plant before it was fossilized.

In addition, the book provides lists of Geological Survey offices and major fossil collections, a geological time chart, and a guide to collecting and preserving fossils.


Aliki. Digging Up Dinosaurs. (Let's-Read-and-Find-Out Science Book). Thomas Y Crowell. New York:1981. ISBN: 06900400997.

     A first-person account of a little boy's visit to a museum, presented in clear pictures and easy-reading text, gives simple facts about the work of paleontologists and the skeletal structure, appearance, and eating habits of various dinosaurs. Booklist Preschool and beginning readers.


Aliki. Fossils Tell of Long Ago. (Let's-Read-and-Find-Out Science Book) Harper Trophy; 1990. ISBN: 0064450937.

     In this revised edition, Aliki has revamped the previous four-color edition with lively full-color illustrations, also adding the pointed, conversational observations of children as they make discoveries along with readers. In clear, precise language, she explains how dinosaur tracks are cast in mud, how insects trapped in sticky tree sap harden into amber, and how fossils of tropical plants are found in very cold places. The children populating these pages are boys and girls of every color, on foot or in wheelchair, all of them active observers with scientific curiosities; they are apparently making these discoveries in a museum, marveling and enjoying the bits of history cast in stone. The book closes with a suggestion for creating a one-minute fossil by making a clay imprint of a hand, letting it dry, and burying it for someone to find a million years from now. Denia Lewis Hester, Dewey School, Evanston, IL. Age 4-8. Kindergarten-Grade 3


Aliki. The Long-Lost Coelacanth and other living fossils. (Let's- Read- and- Find-Out Science Book). Thomas Y Crowell. New York:1973. ISBN: 0690504780.

     Aliki tells the story of the discovery in 1938 of a coelacanth by a fisherman. Scientists thought that this animal had vanished from earth about 70 million years ago. They had studied the fossils and now they could study a living fossil!


Anholt, Laurence. Stone Girl, Bone Girl: The Story of Mary Anning. Sheila Moxley Orchard Books (NY);1999. ASIN: 0531301486.

     Mary Anning, born in England in 1799, made an astounding discovery at the age of 12 when she unearthed the first full skeleton of an ichthyosaur in the cliffs above her home in Lyme Regis. Anholt begins his picture-book biography with a dramatic episode in which baby Mary is said to have been struck by lightning. The well-shaped, fictionalized account creates a cozy view of her relationship with her father, who taught her to recognize the many forms of fossils in the crumbly Dorset cliffs before his death when she was perhaps 10 or 11. A mysterious, small dog Mary finds in the cemetery becomes the agent in finding the enormous fossil. Two wealthy women, allegedly scientists, tutor Mary as she develops a small business selling fossils as curiosities to tourists. Pleasing folk-art views spread across the pages in luscious blues and greens, magenta, and pumpkin, following the plucky child's odyssey that led to her lifelong contribution to paleontology. Children will be attracted by the jacket view of dinosaurs climbing the path through the cliffs below Mary. Picture bands bordering one side or the other of most pages handsomely unify each spread. The substantial text reads aloud well. The author provides a short closing note on Anning's place in science and also claims that she is the inspiration of the traditional rhyme "she sells seashells by the seashore." No attributions of factual material are provided. Margaret Bush, Simmons College, Boston Age 4-8. Grade 1-4.


Atkins, Jeannine. Mary Anning and the Sea Dragon. Farrar, Straus and Giroux(BYR); 1999. ISBN: 0374348405.

      Mary Anning loved to scour the shores of Lyme Regis, England, where she was born in 1799, for stone sea lilies and shells. Her father had taught her how to use the tools with which she dug into the sand and scraped at the stones that fell from the cliffs. And he had taught her how to look, to look hard, for "curiosities." One day, when she was eleven, Mary Anning spotted some markings on a wide, flat stone. She chipped at it with her hammer and chisel until the lines of a tooth emerged--and then those of another tooth. Weeks of persistent effort yielded a face about four feet long. But what creature was this? Her brother called it a sea dragon. Many months later, Mary Anning still had not unearthed what she only then learned was called a fossil. But she found out that her discovery was precious and that the painstaking effort to uncover traces of ancient life was profoundly important. Jeannine Atkins's sensitive and engaging portrait is strikingly illustrated by Michael Dooling, whose powerful paintings capture young Mary Anning's devotion to her work, and all the joy she found in it.


Bishop, Nic. Digging for Bird Dinosaurs : An Expedition to Madagascar. (Scientists in the Field) Houghton Mifflin; 2000. ISBN: 0395960568.

     Readers of this photographic essay join paleontologist Cathy Forster and a team of scientists hunting for bird-dinosaur fossils on the island of Madagascar, off the coast of Africa. The pictures and text show both the drudgery (chipping away at hard rock in 100-degree heat) and the thrill of discovery as the awl hits something hard that's buried underneath. Then the author, an outstanding photographer known for such titles as Red-Eyed Tree Frog (1999), describes how the scientist scrapes away the sandstone to reveal a tiny pink-brown fossil bone. Dinosaur lovers will not find the dramatic big bones of other field trips in this work, but middle school science enthusiasts will learn about “Scientists in the Field,” as the series title indicates. Photographs and text show the tools and painstaking processes by which scientists uncover, label, excavate, and prepare fossil finds for further study in laboratories and museums. Other sections provided detailed information about methods used to study and classify fossils in the university laboratory. Forster also gives biographical information, explaining her early love of dinosaurs and her current work as a paleontologist at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. A good look at a contemporary scientist. Nonfiction. 9-12 -- Copyright © 2000 Kirkus Associates, LP. All rights reserved.


Brown, Don. Rare Treasure: Mary Anning and Her Remarkable Discoveries. Houghton Mifflin;1999. ISBN: 0395922860 Age 4-8


Camper, Cathy. Before Time : Prehistoric Insects and Their Relatives. Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing; 2002. ISBN: 0689820925.

     A handsome introduction to prehistoric insects and other arthropods. Camper's up-to-date, conversational text and informative captions and data boxes investigate such disparate matters as insect evolution, theories on flight development, continental drift, and fossil formation. While not an in-depth dissertation, there is plenty of meat here for young researchers, assisted by an excellent list of further readings and some Web sites. Kirk's eye-catching, realistic watercolors portray a fascinating array of creatures, some with evolutionary existing descendants: trilobites, ants, eurypterids, and dragonflies among them. Neither an index nor a table of contents is provided, which may cause some dismay, but the chapter headings on every other page (and those nifty illustrations) should assist readers. A colorful time line is appended to assist in placing the discussed creatures in Earth's prehistory, as is a helpful glossary of the many unfamiliar terms. The book is sure to entrance budding entomologists and surprise dinophiles with the Arthropoda's long evolutionary history (which ante- and postdates their beloved beasts by a good many millions of years). Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information, Inc. Age 9-12. Grade 4-7.


Clinton, Susan. Reading Between the Bones. The Pioneers of Dinosaur Paleontology. Franklin Watts; New York. 1997. ISBN: 0531113248.

     Profiles eight scientists whose study of dinosaurs has shaped the field of paleontology over the past two hundred years.


Edwards, Lucy E., John Pojeta, Jr. Fossils, Rocks, and Time. General Interest on-line Publication of the U.S. Geological Survey. http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/fossils/about.html.

     The printed version of this publication is one of a series of general interest publications prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey to provide information about the earth sciences, natural resources, and the environment.


Garcia, Frank A., Donald S. Miller, Jasper Burns. Discovering Fossils: How to Find and Identify Remains of the Prehistoric Past. (Fossils & Dinosaurs) Stackpole Books; 1998. ISBN: 0811728005.

     Complete beginners guide to fossil collecting. Includes lesser-studied vertebrate fossils. Detailed illustrations for identification and comparison. Earlier life forms are buried all over the earths surface in oceans, on mountain slopes, in our backyards. Discovering Fossils provides an essential background on where to search for fossils, how to scan for the right textures and shapes, and how to properly extract and protect ones finds a perfect reference for new collectors young and old. Includes practical advice on what to wear and which tools to carry as well as an illustrated identification section of common fossil finds. Frank A. Garcia is responsible for more than 30 previously undiscovered species of prehistoric animals. He lives in Ruskin, Florida. Donald S. Miller is a fossil collector, writer, and proprietor of Millers Fossils in Wilmington, Delaware. Artist, author, and fossil collector Jasper Burns lives in Charlottesville, Virginia.


Lauber, Patricia. Dinosaurs Walked Here and Other Stories Fossils Tell. Bradbury Press; New York.1987. ISBN: 0027545105

     The stories told by fossil bones, teeth, shells, leaf prints, eggs, insects, and animal tracks have unlocked many mysteries about the earth's past.


Pellant, Chris. The Best Book of Fossils, Rocks, and Minerals.  Kingfisher; 2000. ISBN: 075345274X .

     Visually inviting, this series entry has colorful drawings, a minimum of text, and a format dependent upon breaking a large topic into small segments that can be contained on facing pages. Subjects such as "Our rocky world," "Layers of life," and "Precious gemstones" are covered briefly in introductory paragraphs and captions accompanying the eye-catching art. Very simplistic in approach (not all aluminum ends up as cans), this slender work will attract browsers in a classroom collection, but is not a first choice for libraries. Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc. Grade 4-5


Taylor, Paul D. Eyewitness: Fossil. DK Publishing Inc; 2000. ISBN:0789458403.

     Here is an original and exciting new look at fossils -- the remains of long-vanished animals and plants. Stunning real-life photographs of the spectacular remains of ancient lives offer a unique "eyewitness" view of what fossils are, how they were formed, and how they lived millions of years ago. See pearls that are 50 million years old, a dinosaur's toe, a troublesome "snake" that was turned to stone, a fossilized human being, and a snail made of precious stones. Learn how fossils are formed, how trilobites have been preserved for 590 million years, where to look for a belemnite, and how fossils helped the pharaohs of ancient Egypt. Discover which are the most precious fossils in the world, where ammonites lived, how big mammoths were, what a devil's toenail looks like, and much, much more. --This text refers to the Library Binding edition. Age 9-12


Walker, Cyril.,David Ward. Smithsonian Handbooks: Fossils. (Smithsonian Handbooks (Paperback) Gem Guides Book Company; 2002. ISBN: 0789489848.
 


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