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For Teachers and Students

A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers

The Illinois Labor History Society has compiled "A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers."

ALSC - American Labor Studies Center

The American Labor Studies Center is an excellent resource for students and teachers for labor studies units. Site provides a wealth of information and curricular materials (e.g., this case study pdf) that provide opportunities for students and teachers to experience unions and labor disputes.

Freedom A History of US. For Teachers. Teaching Index PBS

PBS has a comprehensive companion website to the sixteen-part series based on the award winning books by Joy Hakim. Website features an interactive timeline for students to explore; interactive games; workshop videos and teacher guides.

History of Labor Unions

The Social Studies Help Center has an excellent history of Labor Unions.

Justice, Is It Fair?

Lesson plan for fifth grade on justice makes students aware of possible resolutions to conflict (from the Columbia Education Center).

Legal Thriller Alternative: Trial Research by the Constitutional Rights Foundation

Legal Thriller Alternative is a plan of study for twelfth grade students which has students research and report on one of the "trials of the century" and then apply their analysis of the trial to a hypothetical case regarding the rights and responsibilities of students. Created in collaboration with the Center for Civic Education and the National Council for the Social Studies this unit is part of a larger workshop for high school civics teachers.

The West: Events from 1900 to 1917 (PBS)

Provides a timeline of events in the West to help give students a "larger picture" of the events and times surrounding the Haywood trial.

The Trial

The Confessions and Autobiography of Harry Orchard

The Internet Archive has the entire text of The Confessions and Autobiography of Harry Orchard by Albert E. Horsley (1907) for you to download or read online.

Clarence Darrow

The University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Law has an extensive site dedicated to Clarence Darrow with a thorough examination of the infamous Big Bill Haywood Trial and the surrounding details of the assassination of Frank Steunenberg. You can also read Darrow's Closing Summation.

The Murder of Governor Steunenberg

The Online American History Textbook provides an interactive, multimedia history of the United States from the Revolution to the present and provides a brief overview of the primary elements surrounding the murder of Steunenberg.

Murder of Frank Steunenberg

Spartacus' Website provides an overview of the assassination and the associated trial.

The New York Times: Haywood Trial

The Haywood Trial garnered national attention and reporters from across the nation converged on Boise and reported on the trial. Visit the New York Times archives to get a glimpse of the national perspective on the trial.

Haywood Trial Gallery

The Boise City Office of the Historian provides an overview of the Haywood Trial with a timeline and peeks at the headlines of the day in the Boise Statesman.

William Borah's Closing Arguments (pdf)

The Debs Collection at Indiana State University contains Borah's Closing Argument in the Haywood Trial (large PDF file).

Idaho Legal Historical Society

The Idaho Legal Historical Society has several articles on their site regarding the murder of Steunenberg, including an article written by Steunenberg's great-grandson, John T. Richards (who makes an appearance in our production - The Trial of the Century.)

The Advocate (pdf)

The December 2006 issue of the Idaho State Bar Advocate has several fascinating reads regarding the events surrounding the Haywood Trial.

George L. Crookham Collection (Steunenberg Papers)

The George L. Crookham Collection housed at The College of Idaho represents the largest known private collection of documents from the Steunenberg Administration (1897-1901). The collection was donated on behalf of the Steunenberg and Crookham families to The College of Idaho in February, 2006.

The Education of a Muckraker

Background on Christopher Connolly of Colliers magazine who was assigned to cover the Haywood trial as it unfolded in Boise.

Scott Fife-Big Trouble Project-Boise Weekly

Intrigued by J. Anthony Lukas' 1997 book, Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America, Seattle-based artist Scott Fife created "Big Trouble: The Idaho Project," an assembly of unique sculptures of the "cast of characters" from this volatile point in Idaho history. The Boise Weekly provides a review of the exhibit when it was featured at the Boise Art Museum in the spring of 2007.

The Mining Wars

From Statehouse to Bull Pen

The Idaho Museum of Natural History's Digital Atlas Project has made available the article, "From Statehouse to Bull Pen: Idaho Populism and the Coeur d'Alene Troubles of the l890's" by William J. Gaboury as part of the overview of the mining wars in Idaho.

The Coeur d'Alene Mines strike of 1899

Article published in the Centennial Edition of the Coeur d'Alene Press in 1963 recounts the conflicts between the miners and mine owners in North Idaho and gives additional background on Harry Orchard a.k.a. the Dynamite demon.

Fire in the Hole

KUED created a documentary in 2000 examining the mining labor conflicts that shaped the West during the early 1900s which attempts to put the conflicts in social and historical context.

The Legacy of the Bunker Hill Mine Part I - IWW

The Industrial Workers of the World outlines the turbulent history of the Bunker Hill Mining Complex in North Idaho.

Ed Boyce

Boyce began working in the Coeur d'Alene mining district in 1887. He became active in labor organization and was jailed for his participation in the 1892 labor disputes. In 1893 he joined the Western Federation of Miners, served as president, 1896-1902; and edited The Miner's Magazine, 1900-1902. During Boyce's reign over the WFM, the union waged three major labor strikes. The Northwest Digital Archives lists Eastern Washington State Historical Society as the repository for the Edward Boyce collection.


Violence and the Labor Movement

An online version of Violence and the Labor Movement by Robert Hunter (1914).

Labors' Greatest Conflicts (pdf)

An online version of Emma Langdon's Labor's Greatest Conflicts (1908).

American Experience "Emma Goldman" (PBS)

This episode of American Experience provides an in-depth look at the controversial and outspoken Emma Goldman and her and the formation of the International Workers of the World (I.W.W.)

American Masters "Woody Guthrie" (PBS)

American Masters provides an excellent organizer for students studying American Labor: Reading Guide for American Labor: 1830 - Present.

Get Up, Stand Up: "Revolutionary Music: The Preacher and the Slave" (PBS)

Get Up, Stand Up: The Story of Pop Music and Protest.

Independent Lens: "Strange Fruit: The Workers" (PBS)

Songs were a central part of the Industrial Workers of the World strategy for recruitment, solidarity and strikes. Many of these tunes adapted new lyrics to fit the moment - a trait common to many protest songs throughout history.

The Pinkerton Detective Agency

Pinkerton Detective Agency

A brief overview of the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

Allen Pinkerton

Learn more about Allen Pinkerton and the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

Pinkerton's Telegraph Cipher

An example of the "cipher" or code that Pinkerton Detectives employed to pass messages.

Charlie Siringo

Some history behind the Cowboy Detective who, despite his reluctance, was involved in the miners' strikes in Coeur d'Alene, the Haymarket anarchist trial, and the Haywood trial.

James McParland

McParland was the most famous of the Pinkerton detectives. He arrested Harry Orchard and was responsible for extricating his confession. McParland is also well-known for breaking up the miners' union in Pennsylvania known as the "Molly Maguires" in the 1870's.