The Many Faces of Harry Orchard

The remarkable transformation of Harry Orchard – from mass murderer to a member of the Seventh-day Adventist faith – can be seen in these photographs.

  • Harry Orchard shortly after being arrested
  • Harry Orchard was arrested in January of 1906 for the murder of former governor Frank Steunenberg. At the time, he denied having anything to do with the murder. In fact, he told authorities he was a sheep buyer named Tom Hogan.

  • Harry Orchard on the witness stand looking toward the judge
  • Harry Orchard on the witness stand looking at the camera

Several weeks later, after meeting with the famous Pinkerton detective James McParland, Orchard confessed to the murder of Steunenberg, and to the murder of at least seventeen other individuals. He also implicated the “inner circle” of the Western Federation of Miners in his heinous crimes.

  • Harry Orchard standing outside the courthouse
  • a side and front views of Harry Orchard looking clean cut in a suit

Before the start of the 1907 trial of “Big Bill" Haywood, one of the “inner circle,” Orchard’s appearance began to change. He was the state’s key witness in the trial, and authorities made sure he looked presentable to the jury. During the trial, the world learned Orchard’s real name: Albert Horsley.

  • Younger Harry Orchard mug shots
  • Older Harry Orchard mug shots

The widow of Governor Steunenberg apparently converted Orchard to her Seventh-day Adventist faith. The later pictures of Orchard, as a resident of the Idaho State Penitentiary, are from the book Harry Orchard: The Man God Made Again by L.E. Froom, and are reprinted with permission from Review & Herald Publishing Association.

  • Harry Orchard eating nuts with his dog
  • an older Harry Orchard with his dog standing at the gate to the state pen
  • an older Harry Orchard standing in the doorway of his home

Orchard was treated differently throughout his stay at the penitentiary. He lived in a cottage outside the prison walls. Both Governor Hawley and Gooding sought to have him paroled, but he died in 1954, at the age of 88, never having been set free.

  • An older Harry Orchard making a chair for the warden's daughter while talking to the little girl
  • Harry Orchard getting a haircut
  • An older Harry Orchard talking to Idaho Governor C.A. Robins outside the state pen
  • An older Harry Orchard talking to a man on the grounds of the state pen
  • An older Harry Orchard sitting in a rocking chair talking to a man