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Dams: Glossary

B

barrier
Anything that blocks something from moving
buttress
wall

C

canyon
A steep sided valley caused by the movement of river water
complex
complicated
concrete
Stone-like material used for construction

E

earthen
Made of earth materials such as rocks, sand, soil
engineers
A person trained to design construction

F

flooding
Excess water
foundation
The underlying base

G

glacial ice
Ice found in glaciers

H

horizontal
Level with the ground
hydroelectric
Electricity created with the use of water

I

irrigation
Water moved from one place to another to grow crops

K

keyways
grooves

L

landslides
Land that shifts or slides due to water, earthquakes or other events

N

notches
grooves

P

pressure
pushing

R

recreation
Activities done for fun - swimming, skiing, fishing
regulated
To control or direct
reservoir
A man-made lake

T

turbines
A machine used to create electricity through the use of moving water
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