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Desert Habitat: Glossary

A

adaptations
the changes of an organism that allows it to survive
alien
not native, from somewhere else
arctic
from the polar regions of the earth

B

burrowing
digs tunnels underground

C

carbon dioxide
colorless, odorless gas in our atmosphere
chemicals
a substance for use in chemistry
conserving
to protect or save
consumers
animals that eat plants - herbivores

D

dominated
controlled
dormant
resting, sleeping or inactive
drainage
to drain liquid or water from something or from an area
drought
a time period without rain - long enough to cause damage to life

E

elevation
height above sea level
emerge
come out from
ephemeral
lasts a short time
evaporate
to change from liquid water to water vapor
exotic
unusual
extreme
excessive, bigger, more

F

fertile
capable of producing crops or vegetation

G

germinating
to begin to grow from a seed

H

hardy
strong or tough

I

immigrants
people who move from another country
imported
not native - new to the area
inhibitors
something used to stop or slow something else

L

lichens
a simple slow growing plant that forms on rocks

M

minimal
small amount

N

nocturnal
hunts at night - active at night

O

oasis (oases - plural)
an area of growing plants in a desert region

P

photosynthesis
the process by which plants convert sunlight to food
porous
covered in small holes
precipitation
rain, sleet, snow or hail

R

reflective
similar to a mirror - light bounces off of it

S

sagebrush steppe desert
an area between a forest and a hot and dry desert
sprout
start to grow
stomata
small holes in leaves that allow for exchange of gases
sustain
endure or last

T

taproots
a long type of root that grows straight down - like a carrot
textured
surface with a raised feeling
transpiration
the process where plants give off water vapor
transported
moved
Tropic of Cancer
the most northern circle of latitude where the sun can appear directly overhead
Tropic of Capricorn
the most southern circle of latitude where the sun can appear directly overhead

U

unintentionally
accidently

V

variations
differences

W

watershed
an area of land that separates water flow
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