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Elk: Glossary

A

absorbed
soaked in
abundant
lots of something
adaptations
the changes of an organism that allows it to survive
antlers
a bony outgrowth on the heads of the deer family
approximate
almost - as in a counted number
archaeological
related to the scientific study of history

B

biologists
scientists that study living things
bugle
bellowing sound made by bull elk during the rut
bull
male of certain animals like elk

C

calf
baby or infant of certain animals like elk
camouflage
the ability to hide or blend into the environment
cartilage
a stiff tissue found in vertebrates
Cervidae
any member of the deer family
chamber
container
cow
female of certain animals like elk
cross section
the view of an object through its interior
cud
food chewed a second time by some grazing animals

D

decorative
something done for the purpose of making a decoration or for looks only
depredation
the act of preying - as in a predator
disease
illness

E

elevation
height of land above sea level
evidence
clues that prove something
excessive
too much

F

forage
vegetation eaten by herbivores
forbs
low-growing, soft-stemmed plants

G

gestation
the time it takes a calf to develop from mating to the birth
graze
to eat grasses

H

harem
a part of a herd consisting of a bull, some cows and their calves
herbivore
animal that eats plants
herd
a group of animals that stay close together

I

incisors
front teeth used for biting
interference
to get in the way
intestine
part of the body that moves digested food
introduced
to put something in a place for the first time

M

mating
when animals select a partner
migrate (migration)
to move from one habitat or region to another seasonally
molars
back teeth used for chewing

P

pictograph
a type of writing made from pictures
poacher
someone who kills animals illegally or steals resources such as antlers
predator
an animal that hunts for its food
prehistoric
before humans began writing history
prey
the animal the is hunted or becomes food for a predator

R

reestablished
to return something back to the way it used to be
regurgitate
to bring food back into the mouth
ruminant
ungulate having a multi-chambered stomach that digests plant fibers
rut
mating season for elk

S

spiritual
of a religious nature

U

ungulates
mammals with hooves

V

velvet
the soft, fuzzy skin that forms on antlers
vessels
the veins or arteries

W

wapiti
shawnee name for elk, meaning "white rump" elk in winter
winter feeding
the practice of humans helping grazing animals by providing them with food during winter months
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