and by the
Walmart Foundation

Force and Motion: Standards



CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.K.2 [CCSS page]

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

Suggested Lessons

Draw a picture explaining the scientific difference between pushing and pulling.

Third Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.1a [CCSS page]

Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.

Suggested Lessons

Explain the science of heat from friction, such as when you rub your hands together.

Sixth Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.2a [CCSS page]

Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

Suggested Lessons

Using appropriate vocabulary words, write a scientific description of the forces at work when a T-ball is hit from its T. Include all scientific details that take place in the force and motion of the bat, the ball and any effects of this event.


Second Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.2.MD.A.1 [CCSS page]

Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.

Suggested Lessons

Using a force meter (spring scale), measure how much force is needed to move a book five inches across a smooth table. Experiment with other classroom items. Here are instructions using a mug as an example.

Third Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.3.MD.A.1 [CCSS page]

Tell and write time to the nearest minute and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram.

Suggested Lessons

Predict how long it will take a ball to roll a measured distance over a variety of surfaces. Roll the ball several times over the surfaces and chart the time. Suggested surfaces: blacktop, gym floor, grass, sandbox, carpet, etc. Note the effect of friction in the experiment.

Fifth Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.5.MD.C.4 [CCSS page]

Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft, and improvised units.

Suggested Lessons

Place a string through a straw. Inflate a balloon and estimate its volume using centimeter cubes. Tape the straw to the side of an inflated balloon. Measure how far the balloon will travel when the opening of the balloon is released and the air is allowed to escape. Make changes to the volume of air in the balloon, estimate the volume again and chart the distance.

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