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Insects: Glossary

A

abdomen
the part of the body that contains major organs
antennae
(singular antenna) organs attached to the head of an insect which are sensitive to feelings and sometimes odors

B

Bacteria
microscopic life

C

camouflage
shape or coloring which allows hiding
chrysalis
the pupa stage of a butterfly
circulatory
system that moves blood through body
Cocoon
the pupa stage of a moth or some other insects
colonies
groups of the same life form which live together
compound eye
an eye with hundreds of light sensitive parts

D

digestion
system that changes food to energy

E

entomologist
scientist who studies insects
entomology
study of insects
exoskeleton
outer shell of insects or crustaceans

F

Fertilize
to help bring about fruit or seeds

H

Heteroptera
scientific name for insects

I

Instar
the name of each of the stages of the young after shedding the exoskeleton

L

larva
(plural larvae) youth stage of insects
Lens
part of the eye used to focus

M

metamorphosis
a complete change of physical form

N

Nectar
liquid - often sweet - found in flowers
nuisance
annoyance or pest
nymph
young insect in simple metamorphosis

P

pesticide
chemical used for killing insects
Piercing
poke through, stab
Pollen
powdery substance that plants use to create fruit and seeds
pollination
the process of moving pollen from one part of a flower to another
proboscis
tube like mouth for sucking
pupa
(plural pupae) the resting stage of metamorphosis

R

recycling
to reuse or remake into new
reproduction
the process of creating offspring or children
respiratory
breathing system

T

Thorax
the part of an insect that holds the legs and wings - between the abdomen and head

V

variations
versions, kinds
Vertical
straight up and down
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