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Predators: Glossary

A

abundant
lots of something
adaptations
the changes of an organism that allows it to survive
ambush
a surprise attack
apex predator
the top creature of the food chain - usually does not have a predator

B

bogs
spongy ground made of dead plant material

C

camouflage
the ability to hide or blend into the environment
canine
pointy teeth used for tearing food
carcasses
dead body
carnivore
animal that eats meat
clusters
grouped together
concentrate
focus or to put energy towards something

D

decomposes
break down or rot
digestive enzymes
a protein which works to decompose food in an animal's digestive system
dominate
to have power over something

F

food chain
a system that carries nutrition through living organisms
food web
a more complex system but similar to a food chain

H

herbivores
animal that eats plants

I

incisors
front teeth used for biting
invertebrate
an animal with a backbone

L

leverage
grabbing power

M

molars
back teeth used for chewing

N

nocturnal
animal that hunts at night
nutrients
the healthy parts of food

O

omnivores
animals that eat plants and animals
organism
a living thing

P

paralyze
to keep from being able to move
predator
an animal that hunts for its food
primary consumers
in a food chain, animals that are herbivores
producers
plants produce energy from sunlight

Q

quaternary consumers
fourth layer of consumer in a food chain

S

scavengers
animals that eat food that is already dead
secondary consumers
second layer of consumer in a food chain, usually omnivores or carnivores
stalk
to follow prey

T

talons
sharp claws of a bird
tentacles
arms of an animal, usually invertebrate, such as an octopus
tertiary consumers
third layer of consumer in a food chain, usually carnivore
transform
to change
transmitted
to pass from one to another

V

vertebrates
animals with backbones
vibrations
a quick repeated motion that can often be felt or heard
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