and by the
Walmart Foundation

Salmon: Standards


First Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.1 [CCSS page]

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

Suggested Lesson

Read aloud the information found on the Salmon Facts page. Create questions together as a class that can be answered from the passages.

Second Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.5 [CCSS page]

Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

Suggested Lesson

Study this diagram on the parts of fish anatomy. Take the quiz to see if you can remember the parts.

Third Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.2 [CCSS page]

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

Suggested Lesson

Adopt an animated salmon and watch the challenges that a salmon must endure in order to live a full life. Write a descriptive paragraph telling about your salmon and what happened to it during its life. (requires Adobe Shockwave)

Sixth Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.2 [CCSS page]

Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

Suggested Lesson

Make a detailed list of challenges that could shorten the life of a salmon and write it into paragraph form.


First Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.1.OA.A.1 [CCSS page]

Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Suggested Lesson

Use fish crackers to represent salmon while discussing addition and subtraction of salmon from a river or lake. Mention variables such as salmon leaving to head to the ocean, being eaten by predators, the hatching of alevin, or fisheries managers restocking a lake or river from a hatchery.

Third Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.3.NBT.A.2 [CCSS page]

Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

Suggested Lesson

Using the following chart, and/or additional resources, calculate how many days a salmon lives.

Fourth Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.4.MD.A.1 [CCSS page]

Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz.; l, ml; hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table. For example, know that 1 ft is 12 times as long as 1 in. Express the length of a 4 ft snake as 48 in. Generate a conversion table for feet and inches listing the number pairs (1, 12), (2, 24), (3, 36), ...

Suggested Lesson

Using a map and a ruler, calculate the distance that a salmon travels from a given hatching site to the ocean and back. Follow all available rivers and tributaries in order to make the most accurate analysis.

Sixth Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.6.RP.A.3c [CCSS page]

Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100 (e.g., 30% of a quantity means 30/100 times the quantity); solve problems involving finding the whole, given a part and the percent.

Suggested Lesson

Using this guide this guide or other resources, calculate how many days a salmon lives.

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