and by the
Walmart Foundation

Simple Machines: Standards


First Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.8 [CCSS page]

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

Suggested Lesson

Select a simple machine group and then go on a treasure hunt to find as many common items as you can that fit that category. List them.

Second Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.2.8 [CCSS page]

Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

Third Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.8 [CCSS page]

Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.

Suggested Lesson

Use the following worksheet to predict how many simple machines are found in the classroom. Hunt for them and answer the worksheet questions.

Page 1 only for grade 2, both pages for grade 3.

Third Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.2 [CCSS page]

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

Suggested Lesson

Invent a gadget using one or more simple machines. Then write about the invention. Click here for a writing prompt and more details.

Fifth Grade

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7 [CCSS page]

Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

Suggested Lesson

Research the life of Leonardo da Vinci and write about one of his inventions.



CCSS.Math.Content.K.CC.B.4 [CCSS page]

Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.

Suggested Lesson

Count the number of a given simple machine found in the pictures of a read aloud story. For example: How many wheels can we find in the book, Wheels on The Bus?

First Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.1.MD.A.1 [CCSS page]

Order three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object.

Suggested Lesson

Lay out several levers. Compare their length and discuss how high an object could be lifted using each lever. Add a fulcrum and have the same discussion.

Second Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.2.MD.A.1 [CCSS page]

Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.

Suggested Lesson

Measure the distance that a wheel travels in one turn. Calculate how many turns that wheel will make over a given distance.

Fourth Grade

CCSS.Math.Content.4.G.A.1 [CCSS page]

Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in two-dimensional figures.

Suggested Lesson

Using points, lines, segments, rays and angles, design a simple Rube Goldberg path using simple classroom objects such as string, pencils, rulers, books, etc.

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