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Teeth: Glossary

A

approximate
More or less exact; often symbolized using “~”

B

bicuspid
A tooth that has two points on top of it
bone
The hard dense tissue that holds teeth in place in the jaw

C

canines
The "stabbing" teeth located between the incisors and the premolars
carnassial teeth
The large teeth found in all carnivores
carnivore
An animal that eats mostly animals (meat). They have a large mouth with sharp pointed teeth that allow them to grasp their prey and tear off large chunks of flesh, which is swallowed whole rather than ground or chewed first
cavity
A hole or pit in a tooth
cementum
The part of the tooth covers the root of your mouth and helps attach your tooth to the jaw bone
characteristics
A distinguishing attribute, element, or trait
classification
The grouping of all organisms into categories based on shared characteristics or traits
crown
The top part of a tooth
cuspids
A projection (bump) on the chewing surface of a tooth (e.g. "bicuspid" means "tooth with two cusps")

D

dentin
The second layer of a tooth. The dentin supports the enamel in your teeth
dentist
A doctor who specializes in the care and treatment of diseases of the mouth and teeth
dentition
The type, number, and arrangement of teeth, especially in animals
diet
An animal's usual food and drink

E

enamel
The hard material that makes up the outer surface of a tooth
equal
Of the same quantity, size, number, value, degree, intensity, or quality

F

fluoride
A chemical element that prevents tooth decay. It is often added to toothpastes and the water supply
function
Assigned duty or activity

H

habitat
The environment in which an organism or biological population usually lives or grows
herbivore
An animal that eats mostly plants. The proper diet for an herbivore consists of plants, algae, and fruits
heterodonts
This means that mammals' teeth are different and used for many purposes
hypothesis
An explanation for a set of facts that can be tested by further investigation

I

incisors
A cutting tooth at the front of the mouth used mostly for the initial biting of food
insectivore
An animal that has teeth that are square with sharp points which are perfect for tearing up insect bodies

M

molars
A tooth with a broad crown for grinding food, situated behind the premolars at the back of the mouth

N

nutrition
The process by which a living organism processes food and uses it for growth and tissue replacement

O

omnivore
An animal that eats both plants and animals. Their teeth and digestive tract possesses some of the traits of both the carnivore and the herbivore

P

plaque
A sticky substance that builds up on the surface of a tooth
premolars
One of the bicuspid teeth located on both sides of the upper and lower jaws, located behind the canine teeth and in front of the molars
pulp
This is the soft tissue that contains the blood, vessels and nerves. It is in the middle of your tooth

R

root
The part of a tooth that is connected to the jaw and serves as support

S

skull
The framework of the head of vertebrates, made up of the bones of the brain case and face
structure
The manner in which parts are arranged or combined to form a whole

T

tartar
A hard, chalky substance that builds up on the surface of a tooth
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