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Water: Glossary

A

aqueduct
bridge or tunnel that conducts water over a long distance
aquifer
underground layer of water
atmosphere
gaseous layers that surround the earth

C

civilization
a group of people with a developed culture
compound
two or more atoms joined together chemically
condensation
the change of a gas to a liquid
conduct
to carry - as in electricity
conservation
to prevent waste
constitutes
is made up of
contaminated
dirty or polluted

D

digestion
the processes the body goes through to convert food to usable energy
dissolve
to break up or reduce into small parts - or melt away

E

evaporate
to change from liquid to a gas

F

fertilize
something that is added to soil to feed plants
freshwater
water that contains little to no salt

G

generated
created or made
generation
transforming other forms of energy into electrical power
geyser
hot water spring that sprays water periodically

H

hurricane
large storm that forms over the ocean
hydrogen
a gaseous element - very plentiful in the universe
hydropower
electricity created using the pressure of stored water; also known as hydroelectric power

I

inhabited
populated

K

kidney
body organ that processes urine

L

lubricate
to make slippery

M

manufacture
to build or make, as in a factory

N

natural resource
anything in nature that can be used

O

oxygen
a gaseous element needed for breathing

P

parasite
an organism that lives off a host organism
polluted
to contain materials that make it unclean
precipitation
liquid that falls from the clouds - rain, hail, sleet or snow
properties
characteristics of an object or matter; size, smell, color, etc

R

recreation
activity done for fun or exercise
reservoir
man-made body of water stored for later use

S

sanitation
keeping things clean or free from unhealthy materials
states
solid, liquid or gas
surface tension
the attraction of liquid molecules to each other

T

transporting
moving objects from one place to another
tsunami
ocean waves created by earthquakes

U

universal solvent
water dissolves more minerals than any other matter
urinary
the part of the body that gets rid of liquid waste

V

volcanic
related to a volcano

W

watershed
the drainage system for a geographic area
water treatment
the process of cleaning drinking water - usually for a whole town or community
water vapor
water that has turned to a gas - steam
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