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Wildfires: Glossary

A

arson
The crime of deliberately setting a fire with the intent to cause damage
atmosphere
The air and other gases surrounding the earth

B

backfire
Controlled burn set by firefighters to consume fuel in the path of a wildfire

C

channels
The bed of a stream or river
chemical reaction
An event which causes a substance to change into a new substance
converted
Changed

D

debris
Garbage
deposits
Materials left - almost as if cast off
dike
Earth used for controlling water

E

ecosystems
A collection of living organisms and their environment
elements
Parts
embers
Hot remains of a fire
endangered
Threatened or in danger of becoming extinct

F

firebreak
A strip of ground in the path of the fire, cleared of all vegetation to deprive the fire of fuel
fire retardant
A chemical that suppresses fire
flammable
Quick to catch on fire

G

gullies
Ditches caused by moving water

H

habitat
A place where a living thing exists
horizontally
Level with the ground
hotshots
Crews of highly trained wildland firefighters who work on dangerous, difficult fires
humidity
Moist air

I

ignited
To set on fire

M

management objective
Long range plan

P

Paleozoic Era
Between 251 million to 542 million years ago
petrified
Changed to stone
phenomena
Events
prescribed
Planned

R

rangeland
Grassland or land where animals graze
rehabilitating
To repair or return to original

S

Smokejumpers
Firefighters who parachute out of planes into remote fire areas
stabilize
To make firm or steady
steppe
Prairie or grassland
suppress
To stop or slow down
sustain
Support

T

tilled
Plowed
topography
Features of the land, hills, mountains, valleys - highs and lows
trench
Ditch

V

velocity
Speed or change in direction
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