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Zoology: Glossary

A

accommodate
help or solve a need
accommodation
home
algae
simple plant - often grows near water
aquatic
living in or near water

B

biodiversity
variety of living things on earth including plants, animals, bacteria, and other living organisms
buoyant
ability to float
burrow
dig into the ground

C

carnivores
animals that eat other animals
cartilage
the stiff tissue found at the end of a human's nose, in the outer ear, and other locations
chambers
separate sections or containers
characteristics
traits
chlorophyll
a green chemical in plants that helps them create their own food
circumstances
situations
classified
(classify) grouping by similar traits
claws
long nail-like parts of paws - used for digging and hunting
cold-blooded
cannot regulate body temperature
conserve
protect

D

digestion
the process that converts food to energy

E

environment
surroundings
established
created
exoskeleton
outer protective layer
extreme
more than necessary - over the top

F

food chain
simple system that carries energy through living organisms
food web
complex system that carries energy through living organisms

G

gas bladder
fish organs that fill with gas to regulate buoyancy
gelatinous
jelly-like
generate
create
gills
parts of a fish that gathers oxygen from the water for breathing

H

herbivores
animals that eat only plants
hibernation
sleeping through winter

I

invertebrates
animals without backbones

L

larvae stage
infant stage of an animal that changes through metamorphosis

M

metamorphosis
to change - as in from caterpillar to butterfly, or tadpole to frog
migrate
to move seasonally from one area to another
molars
flat back teeth used for chewing

N

nerves
cells in the body that carry messages from and back to the brain
nervous system
brain and the nerves involved
nutrition
food energy

O

omnivores
animals that eat both plants and animals

P

populations
groups of living organisms
prehensile
body parts with the ability to grab or grasp
prey
animals that are hunted as food
primary consumer
plant eaters

R

regulate
control
regurgitate
throw-up
restructure
reorganize or rebuild

S

scales
fish and reptile skin is layered in smaller sections - strong protection
scavenge
eat food that is already dead or garbage
secondary consumer
eats primary consumers
sensory
related to the senses
spine
backbone - houses nerves

T

talons
sharp claws of a bird

V

venomous
poisonous
vertebrates
animals with a backbone

W

warm-blooded
controls its own body temperature
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